RSV Vaccine Comparison Table

The CDC has approved RSV vaccines for patients over the age of 60 and those who are pregnant. We provide an RSV vaccine comparison table below to help you recognize the differences between these vaccines and who may benefit from vaccination.

RSV Vaccine Comparison Table: GSK’s Arevxy study, AResVi-006, in comparison to Psizer’s Abrysvo study, RENOIR

Manufacturer / Brand
GlaxoSmithKline- Arexvy
PharmacologyMonovalent; AS01E AdjuvantBivalent
Dosing0.5 mL x1 dose0.5 mL x1 dose
ReconstitutionReconstitute with adjuvant in separate vialReconstitute with supplied sterile water
Storage (following reconstitution)Prior to Reconstitution:
Refrigerated between 2°C and 8°C

After Reconstitution: Refrigeration (between 2℃-8℃) OR room temperature  and use within 4 hours
Prior to Reconstitution:
Refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C

After Reconstitution: Room temperature ONLY (between 15℃-30℃) and use within 4 hours
Adverse ReactionsInjection site pain (60.9%), fatigue (33.6%), myalgia (28.9%), headache (27.2%), and arthralgia (18.1%).Injection site pain (10.5%), fatigue (15.5%), headache (12.8%), and muscle pain (10.1%)
Indicated PopulationsApproved in individuals age 60 or older 

NOT approved for maternal use
Approved in individuals age 60 or older

Approved in pregnant individuals 32 – 36 weeks gestational age

Statistically insignificant increase in preterm birth (MATISSE trial)
Study population24,99632,284
Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) definition≥ 2 respiratory signs or symptoms or ≥ 1 respiratory and ≥ 1 systemic symptom.

*Having a more stringent definition of ARI can help better identify true cases of ARI*Signs: wheezing, crackles/rhonchi, tachypnea, hypoxemia, oxygen supplementation
≥ 1 respiratory symptom
*No distinction between s/sx.
Lower Respiratory Tract D/I definition≥ 2 lower respiratory signs or symptoms (including ≥ 1 lower respiratory sign), OR ≥ 3 lower respiratory symptoms lasting ≥ 24 hARI with ≥ 2 lower respiratory symptoms OR ≥ 3 lower respiratory symptoms, each lasting ≥ 24 h
Severe LRTD/I definitionLRTD with ≥ 2 lower respiratory signs, LRTD assessed as “severe” by investigators, or LRTD requiring receipt of additional supportive therapyLRTI + hospitalization, new or increased oxygen supplementation, or new or increased mechanical ventilation
Primary Endpoint
RSV-related lower respiratory tract disease as confirmed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)

VACCINE GROUP1 cases per 1000 person-years (7 participants)

PLACEBO GROUP5.8 cases per 1000 person-years (40 participants)

2 Primary endpoints: prevention of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract illness with at least two or at least three signs or symptoms

VACCINE GROUP, PRIMARY ENDPOINT 1:1.19 cases of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract illness per 1000 person-years (11 participants)

PLACEBO GROUP, PRIMARY ENDPOINT 1:3.58 cases of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract illness per 1000 person-years of observation (33 participants)

VACCINE GROUP, PRIMARY ENDPOINT 2:0.22 cases of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract illness per 1000 person-years (2 participants)

PLACEBO GROUP, PRIMARY ENDPOINT 2:1.52 cases of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract illness per 1000 person-years of observation (14 [participants)
Prevention of severe casesAt 6.7 months:
1 case reported in vaccine group
17 cases reported in placebo group
Not reported; number of cases of severe disease that had been accrued at the data cut-off date did not meet the prespecified minimum number
Not reported; hospitalizations were categorized as a severe case, which was not reported (see above)
Relative vaccine efficacy (rVE)Primary Endpoint: 82.6% 

Severe LRTD: 94.1%

ARI: 71.7%
*when comparing vaccine efficacy between the two groups, it shows that GSK outperforms Pfizer in terms of preventing ARI, LRTD, and severe LRTD
Primary Endpoint + 2 sx.: 66.7%

Primary Endpoint + 3 sx.:85.7%
* consistent with that observed with other vaccines, in which efficacy increased with increasing severity of respiratory disease. Therefore, this statistic should be a big focus; although GSK outperforms Pfizer in most categories, the second primary endpoint for Pfizer can be compared or tied into severe cases, which weren’t reported 

Severe LRTD: not reported

ARI: 62.1%
Absolute Risk Reduction (ARR)0.26%
*GSK has more of an ARR compared to Pfizer 

RSV Vaccine Comparison Table

This RSV vaccine comparison table displays the similarities and differences of the 2 RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) vaccines currently approved by the FDA. Some notable differences between GSK and Pfizer’s respective products include the incidence of adverse reactions, approval (or lack thereof) in maternal use, and study illness and endpoint definitions. Though Arexvy’s primary endpoint data may look more promising than Abrysvo’s, Abrysvo was able to compute data for a second primary endpoint that accounts for 3 or more signs and symptoms. This helps measure Abrysvo’s efficacy against infections that are more (or less) symptomatic. Other benefits of Abrysvo include its indication for maternal use and lower rates of injection-site and systemic side effects. A benefit of Arexvy can be found when comparing its absolute risk reduction with Abrysvo; Arexvy’s ARR (0.26%)  is essentially double of Abrysvo (0.13%). However, both vaccines have proven, with statistical significance, their efficacy in the prevention of RSV. 

Important information for healthcare professionals to consider if choosing between the two products include reconstitution and storage instructions. Some questions you should ask yourself or your healthcare facility include: “Is refrigeration feasible, or is a room temperature post-reconstitution a better option?”, and “Are the staff trained and proficient in reconstitution with an adjuvant in a separate vial, or reconstitution with sterile water?” Additionally, if a healthcare professional is asked about which brand they should use, evaluate pregnancy status and sensitivity to adverse reactions. For example, if a patient had a bad reaction to Shingrix, Abrysvo may be a better option, as Arexvy contains the same adjuvant used in Shingrix. Without good reason, one should not deter a patient from receiving the RSV vaccine.

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  1. Caroline George Edward Armanious

    Hello Eric,
    How can I get a pdf of this RSV vaccine comparison table so I can print it?

    Please let me know

  2. June L Caldwell

    Do you have any information on the risk of A-fib with the RSV vaccine?


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Written By Eric Christianson

October 25, 2023

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