It’s often difficult to figure out how exactly to proceed in handling drug interactions. In this scenario, I will discuss the lithium and ACE Inhibitor drug interaction. A 48 year old male with a history of bipolar disorder has been recently diagnosed with hypertension. He also has diabetes. How should we proceed and which medication would you select?
The lithium and ACE Inhibitor drug interaction is a significant one in my opinion. Here’s a link with a little further discussion. The interaction involves potential elevations in lithium level with addition of ACE inhibitors.
In the above scenario, an ACE inhibitor would obviously be a consideration with this patient’s diabetes and hypertension. I would want a little more information on this case, but the ACE inhibitor would likely be my first choice in the absence of the lithium.
Before considering an ACE inhibitor, I would certainly want to look at the kidney function and most recent lithium level. I would also like to know how stable the patient has been on their lithium.
If the patient has had a hard time getting stable on their lithium and is now doing well clinically, I would be less inclined to start the ACE inhibitor and maybe choose a calcium channel blocker (i.e. amlodipine). Also recall that thiazide diuretics can cause big problems with lithium as well and would not be a great choice.
If the ACE is selected, which I believe is a reasonable consideration, I would strongly encourage a low dose with close monitoring of the lithium level. How high the blood pressure is may also dictate selection and dosing. So, what do you think?